1873 - 1939
Collier County, Florida’s 62nd county, is named for Barron Gift Collier – a
pioneering businessman whose vision and personal fortune were tied too much
of Southwest Florida’s early growth and development.
Born in Memphis, Tennessee in 1873, Collier’s talent and keen eye for
opportunity led him into a successful street lighting business and ultimately,
into printing and advertising. In just ten years, by the age of 26, he had
amassed his first million by selling advertising card franchises to the nation’s
booming trolley, train and subway lines. Based in New York City, Collier’s
Consolidated Street Railway Advertising Company led the market in mass transit
advertising with affiliates in over 70 American cities, Canada and Cuba. By
the 1920s his multiple business interests included shipping, motor freight
companies, hotels and spas, utilities and newspapers.
Remote Southwest Florida first drew Collier’s notice while vacationing
with a business partner on Useppa Island off the coast of Fort Myers in 1911.
Over the next decade he gradually accumulated over a million acres of sprawling,
untouched Florida wilderness – eventually investing millions of dollars
more to transform and develop the land.
“Frankly, I was fascinated with Florida and swept off my feet by what
I saw and felt,” he once explained. “It was a wonder land with
a magic climate, set in a frame of golden sunshine.”
Acting on Collier’s personal pledge to finish the long-awaited highway
between Tampa and Miami, the Florida State Legislature created Collier County
on May 8, 1923, with Everglades (later Everglades City) as the County seat.
By 1928, the Tamiami Trail was completed, along with countless other essential
services to bring new economic vitality and home seekers to Florida’s
A man of tremendous vision and energy, Barron Collier was also instrumental
in promoting the national Boy Scout movement. He served as Special Deputy Commissioner
for Public Safety in New York City, and is credited with the introduction of
white and yellow divider lines on America’s highways. He was decorated
by nine foreign governments and was a founding member of INTERPOL, the International
Florida’s largest landholder, Barron Collier died in New York City on
March 13, 1939, just ten days before his 66th birthday, and too soon to see
his unshakable dream for Collier County fulfilled.
“The to-morrow of Florida is dawning,” he wrote in 1925. “In
its soft light we see the forms of men literally hurling back the wilderness,
draining large tracts, building homes, planting great gardens and orchards.
Soon will come the blaze of the full mid-day. Picture, if you can, the scene
as it will be then!”